At the heart of every watch there is a movement. The movement, or caliber, is an essential component in all watches and can’t work without. Its the on responsible for moving the hands and other functions such as calendar, dual time zone and chronograph. To keep an accurate time, a movement should be well made and therefore of a high quality.
When it’s a matter of quality, watchmakers produce different types of movements to fit different budgets and tastes. While watch manufactures are many, movement could be categorized in only two types : quartz and mechanical.
What’s the Difference
You probably already know the difference without knowing the name of each one. The watch that its second hand has the tick-tick motion which jumps from a second to another is the quartz movement watch. The watch with the smooth sweeping second hand motion, which the majority likes, is the mechanical one.
There are other differences between the quartz and mechanical movement mother than the appearant features and which I will talk about next.
The Quartz Movement
This on is the widespread one and which is cheaper than the mechanical movement. Despit the fact that Quartz movements haven’t so much moving parts, they are very accurate and don’t necessitate a lot of maintenance except replacing the battery. When a watch fan is to choose between a Quartz movement watch and a mechanical one, the Quartz one has less chance because of the lack of technical details and engineering which appeals to them most. Swiss watch brands have set strict quality standards when it comes to Quartz movement manufacturing; Patek Philippe is one of these Swiss brands which designs their watches to abide by these standards. A battery is necessary for a quartz movement to work. A battery sends an electrical current to electrify the quartz crystal to keep the movement oscillating in order to move the watch hands. Quartz movements are found today in popular watches like Nixon watches and which is a Miyota movement.
The Mechanical Movement
Because of their high quality and craftmanship, mechanical movements are the most used to create luxury watches. This type of movements is famous for having complicated small pieces working together to power the watch, which is another feature that requires expertise in watchmaking. Today, technology has allowed mechanical movements to be built with more precision and detail improvement, but the general design hasn’t known much evolution. In addition to the high engineering of a mechanical movement, the manner by this type of movements works is another plus. A mechanical movement utilizes energy from a wound spring to move the watch hands, meaning no need for a battery.